School Water, Sanitation and Hygiene plus Community Impact (SWASH+) is an action‐research and advocacy project focusing on increasing the scale, impact and sustainability of school water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) interventions in Kenya. These applied research objectives include:
Identify, develop, and test innovative approaches to school‐ and community‐based water, sanitation, and hygiene interventions that promote sustainability and scalability.
Provide and test an integrated safe water, sanitation, and hygiene‐promotion program in schools and communities that maximizes impact, equity, sustainability, and cost‐ effectiveness.
Positively influence Kenyan government investments in school water, sanitation and hygiene by leveraging learning on sustainable, scalable, and effective approaches.
During its first phase (2006-2012), SWASH+ conducted a series of rigorous quantitative and qualitative studies in 185 schools. Findings showed that access to WASH services in schools increased girls’ attendance by up to 58%. Other research from the project revealed a reduction in diarrheal disease and intestinal worm infection and drew attention to the significant psychosocial stress experienced by adolescent schoolgirls when they lack the support and resources to manage their periods. The Government of Kenya’s enthusiastic uptake of recommendations during the first phase of SWASH+ resulted in the doubling of government subsidies for public school WASH. Read more on major findings of the first phase of SWASH+ on it’s official project website (www.washinschools.info).
The second phase (2012-2019) builds on school WASH learning of the first phase. In particular, we are working closely with the Government of Kenya to better tested innovative ways to improve the sustainable provision of WASH services through our “governance trials” in 360 primary schools. Further, we are identifying financial resources required for the overall lifetime costs of WASH facilities through “life cycle data” collection in 189 urban and rural schools. Lastly, we are testing alternative models of services delivery in schools (e.g. outsourcing WASH provision and maintenance to the private sector) through our “private sector trial” in 20 schools in urban informal settlements of Nairobi.
Briefs, reports, case studies:
In the press:
Primary schools and school children
CARE International, Sanergy, Kenyan Ministry of Education, Science and Technology, Georgetown University, Great Lakes University of Kisumu
Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation
Kelly Alexander, Kate Bohnert, Bethany Caruso, Anna Chard, Robert Dreibelbis, Joshua Garn, Leslie Greene, Shadi Saboori, Jedidiah Snyder
Safe Water and AIDS Project: Alex Mwaki
Charles Boera, Dorothy Adhiambo